: Lepomis macrochirus
bream, blue bream, sun perch, blue sunfish, copperhead, copper
Found naturally throughout
Florida, and across the United States because of widespread stocking.
Bluegills have small mouths and
oval-shaped, almost rounded, bodies. Body coloration is highly variable
with size, sex, spawning, water color, bottom type, and amount of cover.
In general, they are somewhat lavender and bronze with about six dark
bars on their sides. Males tend to have a copper-colored bar over the
top of the head behind the eyes. The breast is silver to slightly blue
most of the year, with some yellow or orange during spawning season.
Females are generally lighter colored than males. Two distinctive
characteristics are the prominent black spot on the rear edge of the
gill-cover and a black spot at the base of the posterior portion of the
Generally, the size range is from 1/4 pound to 2 pounds. World Record is
4 pounds, 12 ounces, caught in
Ketona Lake, Alabama, in 1950.
FLORIDA RECORD :
2 pounds 15.25 ounces, caught in
Crystal Lake, Washington County, Florida, in 1989.
Excellent; the flesh is white,
flaky, firm and sweet. They are generally rolled in cornmeal or dipped
in pancake batter before frying. Many rank the bluegill as the most
delicious of all freshwater fish.
Bluegill probably have the hardest
fight of any fish of comparable size. Using ultra-light tackle, and
light line can make these a favorite for children because of their
eagerness to eat.
TACKLE AND BAITS:
Fishing ultra-light rods, or cane poles
around docks, boat ramps, grass, Lilly pads, and structure. will take
a variety of natural baits
(e.g., crickets, grass shrimp, worms) and artificial lures (e.g., small
spinners or popping bugs)
Casting; Drifting; Still Fishing.